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Particle Case Marker

Attachment

  • Noun +
  • Continuative form of verb +
  • The stem of する verb +

Meaning

  • at (place, time); in; on; during
  • to (direction, state); toward; into
  • to become (something)
  • for (purpose)
  • to attach to an indirect object (as dative)
  • per; in; for; a (e.g. "once a month")

Idiom

Here are the idioms to express state of existence:

  • ~に~があります: (plant; inanimate) there is
  • ~に~がいます: (animal) there is
  • ~は~にあります: (plant; inanimate) there is
  • ~は~にいます: (animal) there is

Here are other idioms:

  • ~になる: become; change to
  • ~こと/よう + に + する: do ...

Example

另見

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