ます

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Auxiliary Verb Special Type Polite

Inflection

ます
Irrealisませ
ましょ
Continuativeまし
Terminalます
Attributiveます
Hypotheticalますれ
Imperativeませ
まし

Attachment

  • Continuative form of verb + ます
  • Continuative form of auxiliary verb, verb type + ます

Meaning

ます, a pure grammar term, ends a polite sentence.

Idiom

Here are the idioms to show present state of existence:

  • ~ます: affirmative tone to present or future time
  • ~ません: negative tone to present or future time
  • ~ました: affirmative tone to past time
  • ~ませんでした: negative tone to past time

Here are the idioms to show state of existence of animals:

  • ~は~にいます
  • ~に~がいます

Here are the idioms to show state of existence of plants and the inanimate:

  • ~は~にあります
  • ~に~があります

Here are other idioms:

  • Noun + ではありません: it is not ...
  • Continuative form of adjective + ありません: it is not ...
  • Attributive form of adjective and verb; noun + に + ちがいありません: it must be ...
  • ~はずはありません: it is impossible ...
  • ~つもりはありません: I will not ...

Example

See Also

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