です

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Copula Auxiliary Verb Adjectival Noun Type Polite

Inflection

です
Irrealisでしょ
Continuativeでし
Terminalです
Attributiveです
Hypotheticaln/a
Imperativen/a

Attachment

  • Indeclinable nominal + です
  • Attributive form of declinable words + のです
  • Attributive form of anxiliary verb + のです

Meaning

です demonstrates present state of existence.

Idiom

Here are the idioms to show present states:

  • ~です: affirmative tone to present or future time
  • ~ではないです: negative tone to present or future time
  • ~ではありません: negative tone to present or future time

Here are the idioms to show past states:

  • ~でした: affirmative tone to past time
  • ~ではなかったです: negative tone to past time
  • ~ではありませんでした: negative tone to past time

Here are the idioms to reply yes-no questions:

  • はい、そうです。: affirmative tone
  • いいえ、そうじゃありません。: negative tone

Here are the idioms to show your awareness to the information from another person:

  • そうですか。

Here are other idioms:

  • ~ですか: to show a question to state of existence
  • ~なのでしょうか: to show a question to state of existence. More polite than the above idiom
  • ~ではありませんか: to show a negative question to state of existence
  • ~でしょう: is it right?; don't you agree?
  • ~はずです: it should be
  • Terminal form of verb + つもりてす: I want to ...
  • Irrelis form of verb + ないつもりてす: I don't want to ...
  • Terminal form of verb + 予定よていです: I will ...

Example

See Also

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